Brazil Corn, Cotton, and Soybean Crops: Record Yields Boost Production Higher .

(Apr 11, 2017)

The summer crop season in Brazil has been characterized by favorable weather with welldistributed and adequate rainfall and sunlight. Record yields are estimated for soybeans, corn and cotton based on timely plantings and excellent growing conditions throughout most of the country

Mexico Corn: Record Production.

(Apr 11, 2017)

USDA estimates Mexico 2016/17 corn production at a record 27.0 million metric tons, up 4.0 percent from last month, and up 4.0 percent from last year. Area harvested is estimated at 7.5 million hectares, unchanged from last month but up 4.0 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.6 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), unchanged from last year’s record.

South Africa Corn: Near-Record Crop Expected.

(Apr 11, 2017)

South Africa’s 2016/17 corn production is forecast at a record 15.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.4 mmt or 3 percent from last month and up 6.8 mmt or 83 percent from last year. Area is forecast at 3.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 0.9 million hectares from last year. The forecast yield is 4.84 metric tons per hectare, up 30 percent from last year and near the record yield of 4.85. The forecast yield is near record due to above-average seasonal rainfall, especially during January and February when the crop was in the critical pollination and grainfilling stages.

Indonesia Rice: Production Forecast Higher.

(Apr 11, 2017)

Indonesia’s 2016/17 rice production is estimated at 37.2 million metric tons (milled basis), up 0.6 million tons or 2 percent from last month, and up 3 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 12.2 million hectares, up 1 percent from last month and last year. Yield is estimated aboveaverage at 4.78 tons per hectare. Timely and beneficial rainfall during the important wet season growing period (October to March) boosted rice production prospects throughout Indonesia. In addition, government programs targeting national self-sufficiency in rice production are finally showing positive results. The government is providing free hybrid rice seed sufficient to cover approximately 33 percent of total national rice area in 2016/17. It is also providing access to approximately 80,000 hectares of government-owned plantation land for farmers to expand cultivated area. Both programs are reportedly popular on Java, Sumatra, and Kalimantan, where the vast majority of rice is cultivated. Beneficial rainfall coupled with higher acreage and an expansion in area covered by high-yielding varieties is expected to boost national average yields. FAS/Jakarta also reports that irrigation supplies are more than adequate to sustain irrigated acreage this year. Irrigated rice area accounts for roughly 85 percent of total harvested area. (For more information, please contact Michael.Shean@fas.usda.gov.)

Indonesia Palm Oil: Production Forecast Lower.

(Apr 11, 2017)

Indonesia’s 2016/17 palm oil production is estimated at a record 34.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 million or 3 percent from last month but up 6 percent from last year. Mature oil palm area is also estimated at a record 9.2 million hectares, up 235,000 hectares or 3 percent from last year. Yields are estimated near-average at 3.70 tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last year. Palm oil yields and production are expected to recover this season as a more favorable rainfall pattern has predominated in major producing areas (Sumatra and Kalimantan) following last year’s El Niño. The beneficial moisture is enabling trees to recover from El Niño-related drought stress. Immature oil palm area is estimated at 1.7 million hectares, which should provide nearnormal annual growth for at least the next three to four years. The rate of new plantings, however, has reportedly begun to decline during the past few years, as new regulatory hurdles and drought affected planters’ ability to expand. (For more information, please contact Michael.Shean@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Estimate Revised Down.

(Apr 11, 2017)

The 2016/17 Australia cotton crop is forecast at 4.4 million bales, down 0.1 million from last month and but up 1.55 million or 54 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 580,000 hectares, up 30,000 from last month, and up 86 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,652 kilograms per hectare, 22 percent below the 5- year average. Yield is expected to decrease from last year because area sown to dryland cotton has increased.

Brazil Soybeans: Production Estimated at Record Level.

(Mar 09, 2017)

Brazil soybean production for 2016/17 is estimated at a record 108.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 4.0 mmt from last month and up 11.5 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 33.9 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and up from 33.3 mha last year. Ten percent or 0.5 mha more area was planted in the North and Northeast regions. Area also increased in the Center-West but was offset by declines in the South and Southwest. Yield is estimated at 3.19 metric tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last month and up 10 percent from last year. The crop has benefited from favorable weather with ample rainfall throughout the growing season, raising prospects for above-average yields.

Brazil Corn: Record Production Estimated Higher.

(Mar 09, 2017)

Brazil corn production for 2016/17 is estimated at 91.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 5.0 mmt from last month and up 24.5 mmt from last year. The higher production estimate is based on improved yields for the first crop and increased area for the second crop. Harvested area is estimated at 17.0 million hectares (mha), compared to 16.7 mha last month and 16.0 mha last year. Estimated area is up 7 percent from last year with the majority of the additional area planted to the second crop. The second crop comprises two-thirds of the total area. Yield is estimated at 5.38 metric tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last month and up 29 percent from last year. Last year’s below-average yield resulted from the reduced output of the droughtaffected second crop.

South Africa Corn: Bumper Harvest Expected.

(Mar 09, 2017)

South Africa’s 2016/17 corn production is forecast at 14.6 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.6 mmt or 12 percent from last month and up 6.4 mmt or 78 percent from last year. USDA’s forecast includes output from both the commercial sector, which accounts for about 95 percent of the country’s corn output, and the developing sector, whereas South Africa’s Crop Estimates Committee (CEC) only includes the commercial sector. Area is estimated at 3.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 0.9 million hectares from last year. The forecast yield is 4.71 tons per hectare, up 18 percent from the 5-year average.

Argentina Corn: Estimated Production Up Nearly 30 Percent from Last Year.

(Mar 09, 2017)

USDA forecasts Argentina corn production for 2016/17 at 37.5 million metric tons, up 3 percent from last month and up 29 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 4.6 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month and up 31 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 8.15 tons per hectare, up less than 1 percent from last month and down 2 percent from last year. Rains have maintained ample soil moisture reserves for the crop and plant health is generally good. Conditions are favorable for grain fill and most areas have had limited pest problems. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@fas.usda.gov).

Argentina Wheat: Higher Yields Increase Wheat Production.

(Mar 09, 2017)

USDA estimates Argentina wheat production for 2016/17 at 16.0 million metric tons, up 7 percent from last month and up 42 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 4.9 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 24 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.27 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last month and up 14 percent from last year.

Australia Winter Crops: Record Crop Production for Wheat, Barley and Rapeseed.

(Mar 09, 2017)

For the season, precipitation was above average since sowing operations commenced in May. Soil moisture in virtually all winter cropping areas, including wheat, barley and rapeseed, was markedly improved from the relatively dry conditions, which prevailed during much of the previous year. Growing conditions were ideal in most regions with the exception of localized minor losses resulting from flooding in southeast Australia and frosts in Western Australia. Winter crops are sown in May and June. Harvest begins in November and is finished by the end of December.

Australia Cotton: Forecast Production Unchanged.

(Mar 09, 2017)

The 2016/17 Australia cotton crop is forecast at 4.5 million bales, unchanged from last month and up 1.65 million or 58 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 550,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, and up 76 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,781 kilograms per hectare, 16 percent below the 5-year average. Yield is expected to decrease from last year because of a forecast increase in the share of the area sown to dryland cotton.

Australia Sorghum: Heat and Dryness Reduce Production Prospects.

(Mar 09, 2017)

USDA forecasts Australia sorghum production for 2016/17 at 1.2 million tons, down 0.3 million or 20 percent from last month, and down 0.8 million or 41 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 0.44 million hectares, down 0.06 million from last month, and down 0.24 million or 35 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.73 tons per hectare, down 9 percent from last month and 9 percent below last year. The area planted to grain sorghum is forecast to decrease due to higher planted area for cotton.

China Sorghum: 2016/17 Production Revised Upward.

(Mar 09, 2017)

USDA estimates China’s 2016/17 sorghum production at 3.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt or 15 percent from last month and up 38 percent from last year. The revision is due to an increase in harvested area, which is estimated at 760,000 hectares, up 186,000 or 32 percent from last year. This is the largest sorghum area increase in the last five years. Sorghum has benefited from recent changes in agricultural policies, in particular the removal of corn production subsidies, which resulted in lower corn prices and reduced farmers’ profits. The farmers’ response was in a significant reduction in corn area. The biggest reductions in area have occurred in the northeast, including Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, and Nei Mongol provinces, where farmers shifted corn acreage to alternative crops such as sorghum, soybean, potatoes, and rice.

Malaysia Palm Oil: Lingering Effects from El Niño Depress 2016/17 Output.

(Mar 09, 2017)

Malaysia’s 2016/17 palm oil production is estimated at 19.5 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month but still up 10 percent from last year. Mature oil palm area is estimated at 4.9 million hectares, up 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.98 metric tons per hectare, up 8 percent from last year. El Niño-related drought stress during 2015 and 2016 has suppressed palm oil yields, with monthly production running well below normal for the past fifteen months. Palm oil plantation companies reported widespread pollination problems, including lower fresh fruit bunch size and weight, and lower than normal oil content. Roughly 50 percent of total mature acreage in Malaysia experienced 4 to 5 consecutive months of drought conditions in 2015 and 2016, during which rainfall was substantially below the minimum required for normal yields. (For more information, please contact Michael.Shean@fas.usda.gov.)

Thailand Rice: Adequate Irrigation Boosts Dry Season Acreage from Last Year.

(Feb 09, 2017)

Thailand’s 2016/17 rice production is forecast at 18.6 million metric tons (milled basis), unchanged from last month but up 18 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 10.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month but up 7 percent from last year. Yield is estimated slightly above average at 2.80 tons per hectare. Thailand largely recovered in 2016 from a severe two-year El Niño-related drought, which had substantially reduced irrigation supplies and rice acreage in the country. Bountiful rainfall during the recent summer wet season replenished important reservoirs which supply the agricultural sector and enabled the government to lift restrictions on irrigated rice acreage during the 2016-17 dry-season (November through May).

Mexico Corn: Record Production Estimated.

(Feb 09, 2017)

USDA estimates Mexico’s 2016/17 corn production at a record 26.0 million metric tons, up 6 percent from last month and up slightly from last year’s record of 25.9 million tons. Harvested area is estimated at 7.5 million hectares, up 6 percent from last month and up 4 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.47 million metric tons per hectare (mt/ha) up slightly from last month but down 4 percent from last year’s record of 3.60 mt/ha.

Ukraine Corn: State Statistical Agency Reports Record Yield.

(Feb 09, 2017)

Ukraine corn production for 2016/17 is estimated at 28.0 million tons, up 1.0 million from last month’s estimate and up 4.7 million from last year’s drought-reduced crop. This year’s crop is 2.9 million tons below the record crop of 2013/14, when area reached a record level. The month-tomonth increase is based on preliminary harvest data from the State Statistical Committee of Ukraine (SSC). Yield is now estimated by USDA at 6.59 tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last month, up 15 percent from last year, and surpassing the 2011/12 record by 2 percent. Estimated harvested area remains unchanged at 4.25 million hectares. Persistently wet weather significantly delayed this season’s corn harvest, and local commodity analysts reported that some farmers intended to leave some of their corn in the field and focus instead on harvesting sunflowerseed. The SSC data, however, indicate that 99 percent of the final planted corn area of 4.28 million hectares was eventually harvested. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov).

Brazil Corn: Harvest of First-Crop Corn Underway.

(Feb 09, 2017)

Brazil corn production for 2016/17 is estimated at 86.5 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month; up 19.5 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 16.7 million hectares, up 0.7 million from last year. Yield is estimated above average at 5.18 metric tons per hectare, 24 percent higher than last year’s crop, which suffered from an earlier-than-expected end to rainfall during the second-crop growing season. This year’s first-crop has benefited from generally favorable growing conditions throughout the growing areas. The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) indicates average to above-average vegetation health in Paraná and throughout the first-crop growing areas. Brazil’s Agriculture Ministry, CONAB (Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento), estimates first-crop yield 7 percent higher than last year. Harvest is underway in the central, southern regions and in parts of northern Brazil. Harvest is progressing at an average to above-average pace despite reports of seasonably wet weather limiting field work. Planting of second-crop corn, which follows the soybean harvest, began in January. This season’s soybeans were planted at a more rapid pace than last year, and harvest of earlier-planted short-season soybeans is ongoing. An earlier soybean harvest facilitates earlier planting of second-crop corn. Planting of second-crop corn continues through March in the Center-West region and through May elsewhere. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Kazakhstan Wheat and Barley: Preliminary Harvest Data Released .

(Feb 09, 2017)

USDA estimate for 2016/17 Kazakhstan wheat production is reduced by 9 percent from last month while estimated barley output is increased to a record level. Both changes are based on preliminary harvest data released by the Kazakhstan State Statistical Agency (SSA) in early February. Wheat output is estimated at 15.0 million metric tons (mmt), compared to 16.5 mmt last month and 13.7 mmt last year. Barley production is estimated at 3.2 mmt against 2.7 mmt last month and 2.7 mmt last year. The month-to-month changes for both crops were driven by changes in the estimated yield: a 12-percent decrease for wheat and a 17-percent increase for barley

Argentina Soybeans: Heavy Rains Reduce Area.

(Feb 09, 2017)

Heavy rains from late December through the middle of January in core growing regions caused flooding and a loss of some soybean area; however, 80 percent of Argentine soybeans are in favorable condition. Argentina is forecast to bring in 55.5 million metric tons of soybeans for the 2016/17 season, 3 percent less than last month and 2 percent less than last year. Area is at an estimated 19 million hectares, down 0.45 million hectares or 2 percent from last month. Yield is forecast at 2.92 metric tons per hectare, virtually unchanged. Rains continue to replenish soil moisture in southern Buenos Aires province where drought was prevalent earlier. Planting is finished with over 43 percent of the crop in flowering to early pod set. Forty-seven percent of the crop is developing pods. First-crop soybeans account for 80 percent of Argentine soybeans. Second-crop soybeans, which are planted after wheat is harvested, account for the remainder. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@fas.usda.gov)

China Cotton: Production Estimate Revised Upward.

(Feb 09, 2017)

China 2016/17 cotton production is estimated at 22.5 million 480-pound bales (4.79 million metric tons), up 0.5 million bales or 2 percent from last month, and up 2 percent from last year. The ginning data collected in early February by China National Cotton Exchange (CNCE) indicates lint output is higher than expected in all cotton growing regions. China cotton yield is estimated at a record 1,719 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), up 9.5 percent from last year and up 17 percent from the five year average of 1,465 kg/ha. In recent years the average yields in Xinjiang have been around 1,832 kg/ha; however, in 2016/17 yields are estimated to significantly rise to record levels. The inspection data further shows record yields have been realized in Xinjiang, the major cotton growing province.

Pakistan Cotton: Production Estimate Decreased Three Percent.

(Feb 09, 2017)

USDA estimates Pakistan's 2016/17 cotton production at 7.7 million 480- pound bales, down 0.2 million bales or 3 percent from last month but up 0.7 million bales or 10 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 0.4 million hectares or 14 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 699 kilograms per hectare, down 3 percent from last month, but up 28 percent from last year’s pestravaged crop. Harvest of the main crop (planted in June) began in September, with peak harvest in October. Harvest is complete, but seed-cotton arrivals will continue to trickle in at a slow pace over the next couple weeks. According to the January 15, 2017 Pakistan Cotton Ginner’s Association (PCGA) report, seedcotton arrivals to date are up 11 percent over last season. At the provincial level, reported arrivals are up 17 percent in Punjab, which accounts for approximately 80 percent of Pakistan’s total cotton crop. Cumulative market arrivals for the month of December are lower than the same period last year and confirm the trend of diminishing supplies. In recent years farmers have faced increased prices of agricultural chemicals and relatively lower cotton prices. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov).

Sri Lanka Rice: Floods and Drought Reduce Production.

(Jan 12, 2017)

USDA forecasts 2016/17 Sri Lanka rice production at 2.35 million tons milled (3.45 million tons rough), down 23 percent from last month and down 29 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 1.0 million hectares, down 23 percent from previous forecast and down 18 percent from last year. The decrease is attributed to two factors. Major floods in mid-May affected the 2016 yalaseason and drought is currently affecting the maha-season.

Philippine Rice: Area Forecast Reduced Following Typhoons.

(Jan 12, 2017)

USDA estimates 2016/17 Philippine rice production at 11.5 million metric tons (milled basis), unchanged from last month but up 1 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 4.6 million hectares, down 0.2 million hectares from last month and marginally lower than last year. Yield is estimated above-average at 3.97 tons per hectare.

China Cotton: Production Revised Upward.

(Jan 12, 2017)

China’s 2016/17 cotton production is estimated at 22 million 480-pound bales (4.79 million metric tons), up 1 million or 5.0 percent from last month, and unchanged from last year. According to ginning data collected by the China National Cotton Exchange (CNCE) in early January, 17.55 million bales have been produced. Nearly all (97 percent) of cotton is from Xinjiang, which is China’s major cotton growing province.

Pakistan Cotton: Production Estimate Decreased Based on Arrival Data.

(Jan 12, 2017)

USDA forecasts Pakistan's 2016/17 cotton production at 7.9 million 480-pound bales, down 0.35 million bales or 4 percent from last month but up 0.9 million bales or 13 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.4 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 0.4 million hectares or 14 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 717 kilograms per hectare, down 4 percent from last month, but up 32 percent from last year’s pest-ravaged crop.

Russia Wheat: Harvest Surpasses Previous Record by 14 Percent.

(Jan 12, 2017)

Russia wheat production for 2016/17 is estimated at a record 72.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month and up 11.5 mmt from last year. This surpasses the previous record of 63.7 million tons harvested in 2008 by 14 percent. The increased estimate is based on preliminary harvest data from Rosstat, the state statistical committee of Russia. The estimated yield of 2.68 tons per hectare is unchanged from last month, up 13 percent from last year, and 7 percent above the previous record achieved in 2014. All USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude the estimated output of roughly 0.8 million tons from Crimea. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov).

Argentina Wheat: Harvest Nearly Complete; Production Increased from Last Year.

(Jan 12, 2017)

USDA forecasts Argentina wheat production for 2016/17 at 15 million metric tons, up 4 percent from last month and up 33 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 4.9 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month and up 24 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.06 tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and up 7 percent from last year. Favorable soil moisture during emergence and establishment followed by timely rains as the crop was finishing grainfilling in central Argentina boosted yields. Harvest was complete before heavy rains occurred in late December 2016.

Serbia Corn: Near-Record Crop Realized.

(Jan 12, 2017)

USDA estimates Serbia 2016/17 corn production at 7.5 million metric tons (mmt), 0.5 mmt above last month, and 1.5 mmt above 2015/16. Estimated production is 26 percent above the 5- year average. Area is estimated at 1.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up slightly from last year. Yield is estimated at a second-highest 6.82 tons per hectare, up 7.1 percent from last month, 19 percent above last year, and 35 percent above the 5-year average.

Russia Corn: Production Estimate Unchanged at a Record 15.5 Million Tons.

(Jan 12, 2017)

USDA estimates Russia 2016/17 corn output at 15.5 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month and 2.3 mmt above last year’s record. The estimated yield of 5.54 tons per hectare exceeds the 2013/14 record by over 10 percent. Wet weather impeded this year’s corn harvest, especially in the Central District. Daily harvest data from the Ministry of Agriculture indicate that the harvest campaign was virtually complete by December 23 with output reported at 15.4 million tons against 13.0 million by the same date last year.

South Africa Corn: Area to Rebound by Over 40 Percent.

(Jan 12, 2017)

South Africa’s 2016/17 corn production is forecast at 13.0 million metric tons (mmt), unchanged from last month but up 5.1 million or 65 percent from last year. Area is forecast at 3.1 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month but up 0.9 mha or 41 percent from last year. The forecast yield of 4.19 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha) is slightly above the 10-year trend of 4.13 mt/ha.

Brazil Soybean: Record Production.

(Jan 12, 2017)

Brazil soybean production for 2016/17 is estimated at a record 104.0 million tons compared to 96.5 million last year. The increase is attributed to data from CONAB (Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento) and SEAB-DERAL (Secretaria de Estado da Agricultura e do Abastecimento- Departamento de Economia Rural). Harvested area is estimated at a record 33.9 million hectares, up 0.6 million hectares from last year’s record, and up 2 percent from the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at 3.07 tons per hectare, 6 percent above both last year and the 5-year average.

India Soybean: Yields Above Average.

(Dec 09, 2016)

USDA estimates India soybean production for 2016/17 at 11.5 million metric tons, up 19 percent from last month’s estimate, up 61 percent from last year. The increase is based on better than expected harvest. Harvested area is estimated at 11.4 million hectares, unchanged from last month, down 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.01 tons per hectare up 15 percent from last month and 2 percent above the 5-year average.

Indonesia Corn: Production Increases as Crop Area Expands.

(Dec 09, 2016)

Indonesia’s 2016/17 corn production is forecast at 10.2 million metric tons, up 0.6 million or 6 percent from last month but down 3 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 3.5 million hectares, up 0.3 million or 8 percent from last month. Yields are forecast above-average at 2.96 tons per hectare, but down 1 percent from last year’s record level. Heavy rainfall has blanketed Indonesia’s widely dispersed corn producing regions since the main crop was sown in October 2016.

Brazil Corn: Production Estimate to Increase 29 Percent from Last Year.

(Dec 09, 2016)

Brazil’s corn production for 2016/17 is estimated at 86.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 3.0 mmt from last month and 19.5 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 16.7 million hectares, up 0.7 million hectares from last year. First crop corn comprises 34 percent and the second or safrinha crop 66 percent of the total planted area. A three percent increase in first crop area is estimated by the Brazilian government (Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento or CONAB). The first crop was planted from September through November. A rise in second crop area is also expected to be driven by optimism for higher output compared to last year’s poor harvest. The second crop is planted from January through March, following the harvest of soybeans.

Russia Corn: Estimated Harvest Surpasses Record by Nearly 20 Percent.

(Dec 09, 2016)

USDA estimates Russia’s 2016/17 corn output at 15.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt from last month and 2.3 mmt above last year’s record. The estimated yield of 5.54 tons per hectare exceeds the 2013/14 record by over 10 percent. Harvest reports from the Ministry of Agriculture indicate record yields in every major production region. As of December 5, reported yield is up 11 percent in the Central District (which accounts for 32 percent of Russia’s 2016/17 corn area), up 9 percent in the Southern District (34 percent), and up 22 percent in the North Caucasus District (18 percent). Harvested area is estimated at 2.8 million hectares, and as of December 5, harvest was 86 percent complete according to the Ministry.

Hungary Corn: Yield Reaches Record Due to Favorable Weather.

(Dec 09, 2016)

USDA estimates Hungary’s 2016/17 corn production at a bumper 9.0 million metric tons (mmt), 0.9 mmt above last month, and 2.5 mmt above 2015/16. Estimated production is 27 percent above the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 1.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month and the lowest since 2010/11. Yield is estimated at a record 8.26 metric tons per hectare, up 10 percent from last month, 45 percent above last year, and 40 percent above the 5-year average.

Russia Sunseed: Harvest Reports Indicate Record Crop.

(Dec 09, 2016)

USDA estimates Russia sunseed production for 2016/17 at a record 10.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.3 mmt from last year and surpassing the 2013/14 record by 0.7 mmt. According to data from the Ministry of Agriculture, harvest was complete on 93 percent of the planted area as of December 5, with reported yield up 9 percent from last year. Over the past ten years, the Volga District has replaced the Southern District as the country’s top sunseed region. Since 2007, planted area in the Volga District has more than doubled, from 1.4 million hectares (mha) to 3.3 mha. Meanwhile, area in the Southern District has declined from 2.4 mha to 1.6 mha. Although yield is always higher in the Southern District, the Volga District’s higher area compensates for the shortfall in yield. Volga output has exceeded output from the Southern District for four of the past five years, and the Volga District is on track to again be the top sunseed producing district in 2016.

India Cotton: Yields Estimated to be Above Average.

(Dec 09, 2016)

USDA estimates 2016/17 India cotton production at 27.0 million bales, unchanged from last month and up 2 percent from last year. Area harvested is estimated at 10.5 million hectares, down 2 percent from last month and down nearly 12 percent from 2015/16 due to a decline in area planted in northern India, which comprises about 10 percent of total cotton production. Yield is estimated at 560 kilograms per hectare, up 6 percent from the 5-year average. The increase in yield is chiefly due to a normal monsoon and improved pest and disease management. Last season, white fly and disease negatively impacted yields in northern India. Minimal damage from white fly has been reported this year because of better plant protection measures.

Australia Cotton: Production Forecast Revised Upward Down Under.

(Dec 09, 2016)

USDA forecasts Australia’s 2016/17 cotton crop at 4.5 million bales, up 0.5 million or 13 percent from last month, and up 1.9 million bales or 73 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 525,000 hectares, up 50,000 hectares or 11 percent from last month, and up 213,000 or 68 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,866 kilograms per hectare. The increase in area is driven by an increase in both irrigated and dryland cotton plantings. This will be the first time in three years that a significant area has been planted to dryland cotton.

Australia Wheat and Barley: Record Crop Production.

(Dec 09, 2016)

USDA estimates Australia’s 2016/17 wheat crop at a record 33.0 million metric tons, up 4.7 million or 17 percent from last month, and up 8.5 million or 35 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 13.0 million hectares, up 100,000 or nearly 1 percent from last month, and up 200,000 or less than 2 percent from last year. Wheat yield is estimated at a record 2.54 tons per hectare, up 15 percent from last month and up 33 percent from 2015/16.