Turkey Wheat and Barley: Abundant Soil Moisture Supports Late Season Improvement.

(Jul 12, 2017)

Fall dryness over the Anatolian Plateau delayed the winter-grain planting campaign and reduced the time available for crop establishment. Favorable snow cover protected winter crops against frost damage, and above-average spring precipitation replenished soil moisture reserves which benefited the crops as they resumed spring growth. As a result, the winter crops were able to recover from the dry fall.

Australia Winter Crops: Lower Forecast for Wheat and Rapeseed Production.

(Jul 12, 2017)

Persistent dryness and a current subsoil moisture deficit in a major portion of Australia’s winter crop region contributed to a lower area, an estimated 9-percent drop in wheat yield, and an 8- percent drop in rapeseed yield from the 5-year average. Precipitation has been well below average since major sowing operations commenced in May. Winter crops are sown in May and June. Satellite-derived vegetation indices (the normalized difference vegetation index or NDVI) indicated below-average crop health from May through June for all major winter crop producing states.

Ukraine Wheat: Persistent Dryness Depletes Soil Moisture and Reduces Yield Prospects.

(Jul 12, 2017)

Ukraine wheat production for 2017/18 is forecast at 24.0 million metric tons, down 1.0 million from last month and down 2.8 million from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 6.60 million hectares against 6.45 million last year. Yield is estimated at 3.64 tons per hectare, down 4 percent from last month and down 13 percent from last year, but slightly above the 5-year average. The month-to-month decrease in estimated yield is attributed to severe dryness in central and western Ukraine, which hampered winter wheat development and led to a gradual depletion of the abundant early-season soil moisture. Prospects remain favorable in the Steppe Zone of southern and eastern Ukraine, which produces about 45 percent of Ukraine’s wheat and where the crop benefited from generally favorable weather. Harvest has just begun in southern Ukraine; as of July 4, wheat had been harvested on 2 percent of the sown area. All USDA crop production estimates for Ukraine include estimated output from Crimea. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov). Russia Wheat: Excellent Conditions for Both

Russia Wheat: Excellent Conditions for Both Winter and Spring Wheat.

(Jul 12, 2017)

Russia wheat production for 2017/18 is forecast at 72.0 million metric tons, up 3.0 million from last month and only 0.5 million below last year’s record output. Harvested area is estimated at 27.3 million hectares against 27.0 million last year. The forecast yield of 2.64 tons per hectare is up 5 percent from last month, down 2 percent from last year’s record, and 14 percent above the 5-year average. Winter wheat accounts for about 50 percent of Russia’s total wheat area and for about 70 percent of the production. (All USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea.)

Ukraine Sunflowerseed: Yield and Production Forecast at Record Levels.

(Jul 12, 2017)

USDA forecasts Ukraine 2017/18 sunflowerseed production at a record 14.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month and up 0.3 mmt from last year. The month-to-month increase is based on an increase in estimated area, from 6.2 to 6.4 million hectares, matching last year’s record. Yield is forecast at 2.27 tons per hectare, nearly unchanged from last month but up 2 percent from last year’s record and 12 percent above the 5-year average. Surface moisture was low throughout most of the planting campaign and during crop emergence and establishment. Sub-surface moisture, however, remains adequate in the main sunflower region in southern and eastern Ukraine. July and August are typically the critical months for determining potential sunflowerseed yield. (All USDA crop production estimates for Ukraine exclude estimated output from Crimea.)

Vietnam Corn: Production Revised Higher Due to Increase in Harvested Area.

(Jul 12, 2017)

Vietnam’s 2017/18 corn production is forecast at a record 5.6 million metric tons, up 12 percent from last month and 1 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.2 million hectares, up 14 percent from last month but unchanged from last year. Yield is a record 4.67 tons per hectare. Significant upward revisions in official harvested area estimates from Vietnam’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development led to an increase in production this month. The growing use of genetically modified corn varieties is underpinning a trend in yield growth for Vietnam. Despite strong domestic demand for feed grains and government programs encouraging corn expansion, farmers are not rapidly increasing acreage, although they are gradually increasing yields. (For more information, please contact Michael.Shean@fas.usda.gov).

Argentina Corn: 2016/17 Production Estimate.

(Jul 12, 2017)

Argentina corn production for 2016/17 is estimated at 41.0 million metric tons, up 41 percent from last year and 3 percent from last month. Area is estimated at 4.9 million hectares, 40 percent higher than last season and 2 percent more than last month. The estimated yield of 8.36 tons per hectare is less than 1 percent above last season’s yield and only slightly more than last month. With harvest of corn half finished, recent rains have delayed field work in Central Cordoba, Buenos Aires, and La Pampa. The harvest of lateplanted corn in northern Argentina is also behind. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWiliams@fas.usda.gov.)

Thailand Rice: Beneficial Rainfall and Rising Prices Boost Acreage.

(Jul 12, 2017)

Thailand’s 2017/18 rice production is forecast at 20.4 million metric tons (milled basis), up 5 percent from last month and 6 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 10.7 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month and 4 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 2.89 tons per hectare. Abundant rainfall coupled with adequate irrigation supplies and rising farm-gate prices for rice are encouraging Thai farmers to plant early and expand acreage in 2017/18. Harvested rice area is expected to increase for both wet and dry season crops. Beneficial rainfall during the main wet season planting period of May to June has boosted the outlook for wet season rice yields. Planting was virtually complete in early July, with the bulk of crops currently having adequate to ideal moisture for establishment. The irrigated crop in the Central Plains is reportedly in ideal condition, which will also help raise average wet season yield prospects this year. Dry season rice area is expected to return to normal this year, making a full recovery from two years of drought-reduced plantings. (For more information, please contact Michael.Shean@fas.usda.gov).

India Rice: Forecast Rice Production Up due to Acreage Expansion.

(Jul 12, 2017)

USDA forecasts India rice production for 2017/18 at 108.0 million metric tons (milled), up about 2 percent from last month and unchanged from the previous year. Harvested area is forecasted at 44.5 million hectares, up 3 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.64 kilograms per hectare, down 3 percent from the previous year. The decrease is based on area expansion on marginal lands which will likely have a negative impact on the overall yields.

India Cotton: Acreage Up 14 percent from Last Year.

(Jul 12, 2017)

USDA forecasts India cotton production for 2017/18 at 29 million 480-pound bales, up 7 percent from the previous year. The increase is due to expanded planted area. Harvested area is forecast at 12 million hectares, up 14 percent from the previous year. Yield is forecast at 526 kilograms per hectare, down nearly 6 percent from last year.

Turkey Wheat: Abundant Soil Moisture Supports Late Season Improvement.

(Jun 09, 2017)

Turkey wheat production for 2017/18 is forecast at 18.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month and up 0.8 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 7.8 million hectares compared to 7.7 last month with no change from last year. The 2017/18 winter wheat crop is two to three weeks behind last year’s rapid development pace and slightly behind the long-term average. Fall dryness over the Anatolian Plateau delayed the winter wheat planting campaign and reduced the time for available crop establishment. Favorable snow cover protected winter crops against frost damage and fully replenished subsoil moisture reserves which benefited the crops as they resumed spring growth. Yield is forecast at 2.31 tons per hectare, 5 percent above last year and 2 percent above last month. Harvest typically begins in early July and is largely complete by the end of August. (For more information, please contact William.Baker@fas.usda.gov)

Russia Wheat: Outstanding Prospects for Winter Wheat in Southern Russia.

(Jun 09, 2017)

Russia wheat production for 2017/18 is forecast at 69.0 million metric tons, up 2.0 million from last month but down 3.5 million from last year’s record output. The estimated harvested area of 27.5 million hectares is unchanged from last month. The forecast total wheat yield of 2.51 tons per hectare is 7 percent below last year’s record but 8 percent above the 5-year average. All USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea.

India Wheat: Production Lowered.

(Jun 09, 2017)

USDA estimates 2017/18 wheat production at 96.0 million metric tons, down 1 percent from last month but up 10 percent from last year. The decrease is based on a reduction in area and official harvest reports. Harvested area is estimated at a near record 30.7 million hectares, down nearly 3 percent from last month, but up 2 percent from last year due to strong domestic prices and tight domestic supplies. Both Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, which account for about 50 percent of India’s total wheat production, expanded planted area by 6 and 14 percent, respectively, from last year. Yield is estimated at a near-record 3.12 tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and up 8 percent from last year. (For more information, please contact Arnella.Trent@fas.usda.gov).

Brazil Corn: Extended Rainy Season Boosts 2016/17 Production .

(Jun 09, 2017)

Brazil 2016/17 corn production is estimated at a record 97 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.0 mmt from last month and up 45 percent from 2015/16. Harvested area is estimated at 17.5 million hectares, unchanged from last month, and up 9 percent from 2015/16 with second-crop corn making up two-thirds of the total area. Yield is estimated at a record 5.54 metric tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month and up 32 percent from the 2015/16 drought-affected crop.

Canada Corn: Production Decreases by 5 Percent.

(Jun 09, 2017)

Production for 2017/18 is forecast at 14.4 million metric tons, down 5 percent from last month, and down 9 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 1.45 million hectares, down 1 percent from last month. This month-to-month decrease is based mainly on delayed planting in Quebec, which accounts for about 30 percent of Canada’s national production. Planting in Ontario, the major producing province, is 90 to 95 percent complete and accounts for about 70 percent of Canada’s national production. Flooding occurred in Ontario and Quebec during early May. Although conditions dried out during the latter part of the month, planting delays continue. Planting in Quebec is at 8 percent complete, significantly behind the 4 year average of 79 percent planted by mid-May. (For more information, please contact Katie.McGaughey@fas.usda.gov.)

Ukraine Corn: Estimated Area Up Slightly from Last Year.

(Jun 09, 2017)

Ukraine corn production for 2017/18 is estimated at 28.5 million tons, up 0.5 million from both last month and last year. The month-to-month increase is based on data from the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, which reports sown area at slightly over 4.46 million hectares (mha) as of June 6 with planting 99 percent complete. USDA estimates harvested area at 4.4 mha, up 0.1 mha from last month and up 0.15 mha from last year. Over the past five years, between 1 and 6 percent of the final sown area was not harvested for grain. The forecast yield of 6.48 metric tons per hectare, which is essentially unchanged from last month, is down 2 percent from last year and 9 percent above the 5-year average. The yield for Ukraine corn hinges mainly on weather during July and August, when the crop is advancing through the reproductive stages of development. Harvest will begin in September. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

South Africa Corn: Record 2016/17 Output Doubles Previous Crop .

(Jun 09, 2017)

South Africa’s 2016/17 corn production is estimated at a record 16.4 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.1 mmt or 7 percent from last month and up 8.2 mmt or 100 percent from 2015/16. Area is estimated at 3.0 million hectares, down 0.1 million hectares (mha) from last month and up 0.8 mha from 2015/16. Yield is estimated at a record 5.47 metric tons per hectare, up 47 percent from the 2015/16 crop, which was reduced by severe drought. A record yield is expected due to well-above-average seasonal rainfall during January and February when the crop was in critical pollination and grain-filling stages.

Brazil Soybeans: 2016/17 Another Record Crop.

(Jun 09, 2017)

Brazil 2016/17 soybean production is estimated at a record 114 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.4 mmt from last month and up 17.5 mmt from 2015/16. Harvested area is estimated at 34 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and up 0.7 mha from 2015/16. Yield is estimated at a record 3.35 metric tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and 16 percent from 2015/16. Excellent weather during the growing season and higher-yielding varieties produced the record soybean crop for Brazil. The majority of the soybean crop was harvested from January through May. Incoming harvest results have continued to indicate a much larger soybean crop than initially expected with record yields in many states. Harvesting continues through June in minor soybean growing areas in the North and Northeast regions. (For more information, please contact MariaAnulacion@fas.usda.gov).

Argentina Soybeans: 2016/17 Production Increased Despite Slow Harvest.

(Jun 09, 2017)

Recent rain in late May and early June in northern Buenos Aires, La Pampa, and northern Argentina has slowed soybean harvesting. Production for 2016/17 is estimated at 57.8 million metric tons, 1 percent above last month and 2 percent above last year. Area is estimated at 18.7 million hectares, down slightly from last month and down 4 percent from 2015/16. Yields are expected to be above average, at 3.10 tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and up 7 percent above last year. The month-to-month increase is based on higher yields for later-planted soybeans. These laterplanted soybeans were expected to have fewer pods and branches resulting in lower yields; however, estimated yield increased due to ample moisture throughout flowering and into pod-fill. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@fas.usda.gov.)

China Cotton: Production Projected to Increase from Last Month.

(Jun 09, 2017)

China’s 2017/18 cotton production is forecast at 24 million bales (5.23 million metric tons), up 0.5 million bales from last month and up 1.25 million bales from last year. Area is forecast at 3.05 million hectares (mha), up 0.05 mha from last month and up 0.15 mha or 5 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 1,713 kilograms per hectare, up slightly from both last month and last year’s record.

Pakistan Cotton: Production Estimate Increases.

(Jun 09, 2017)

USDA estimates Pakistan's 2017/18 cotton production at 9.3 million 480-pound bales, up 0.8 million bales or 9 percent from last month and up 1.6 million bales or 21 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 2.85 million hectares, up 0.25 million hectares or 10 percent from last month, and up 0.45 million hectares or 19 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 710 kilograms per hectare, essentially unchanged from last month, but up 2 percent from last year. Cotton is typically sown from April to mid-June. Sowing progress is principally influenced by the pace of the preceding wheat harvest progress and irrigation water availability. The Government of Pakistan's Central Cotton Committee (PCCC) has established an area target of 3.11 million hectares for the 2017/18 season. As of June 2 the PCCC estimated that 2.6 million hectares had been sown. At the current planting pace, USDA estimates that sowing will only reach 92 percent of the target for the season. This will result in a final area of 2.85 million hectares. A trend yield of 710 kilograms per hectare results in a production forecast of 9.3 million bales. The monsoon season accounts for about 70 percent of the total annual precipitation. The extent and distribution of monsoon rainfall during July through September is critical for the production of kharif season crops, including cotton. Approximately 75 percent of Pakistan’s total cotton crop is produced in Punjab; Sindh produces 25 percent. (For more information, please contact James.Crutchfield@fas.usda.gov).

Ukraine Sunseed: Area and Production Forecast at Record Levels.

(Jun 09, 2017)

USDA forecasts Ukraine 2017/18 sunseed production at 14.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt from last month and up 0.25 mmt from last year’s record. The month-to-month increase is based on an increase in estimated area, from 6.0 to 6.2 million hectares. A June 6 report from the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food (MAPF) cites planted area at 5.5 million hectares (mha). The final sown area reported by the State Statistical Service of Ukraine, published in late July, typically surpasses the level cited by MAPF in early June by about 0.6 mha. USDA forecasts harvested area at 6.2 mha, up 0.2 mha from last month and matching last year’s level. All USDA crop production estimates for Ukraine include estimated output from Crimea.

EU Rapeseed: Production Slips in Germany and Spain from Dryness and Cold.

(Jun 09, 2017)

Rapeseed production for 2017/18 in the European Union (EU) is forecast at 21.1 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.2 mmt from last month, down 0.7 mmt from last year, and 0.5 mmt below the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 6.6 million hectares (mha), up slightly from last month, and up 0.1 mha or 2 percent above last year. Yield is forecast at 3.18 tons per hectare, down 2 percent from last month and down 3 percent from the 5-year average, but up 2 percent from last year.

EU Wheat: 2017/18 Production Rebounds After Last Year’s French Wheat Failure .

(May 10, 2017)

European Union (EU) wheat production for 2017/18 is forecast at 151.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 5.5 mmt or 4 percent from last year and 2.7 mmt or 2 percent above the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 26.5 million hectares (mha), down 0.7 mha or 3 percent from last year, but the same as the 5-year average. Yield is forecast at 5.70 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last year and 2 percent above the 5-year average

Ukraine Wheat: Abundant Soil Moisture Supports Above-Average Yield for 2017/18.

(May 10, 2017)

Ukraine wheat production for 2017/18 is forecast at 25.0 million metric tons, down 1.8 million from last year, and harvested area is estimated at 6.6 million hectares compared to 6.5 million last year. Although fall dryness delayed winter-wheat planting and reduced the time available for crop establishment, the melting of unusually deep snow cover fully replenished subsoil moisture reserves and benefited winter crops as they resumed spring growth. In addition to boosting soil moisture, the snow cover protected winter crops against frost damage; the State Statistical Committee of Ukraine estimates that winter-crop losses will be minimal this year. Yield is forecast at 3.79 tons per hectare, 9 percent below last year’s record but 5 percent above the 5-year average. Wheat is grown throughout the country, but the main production regions are central, southern, and eastern Ukraine. Wheat harvest will begin in late June or early July and conclude by the end of August. All USDA crop production estimates for Ukraine include estimated output from Crimea. (For more information, please contact Mark.Lindeman@fas.usda.gov.)

India Wheat: 2017/18 Production Estimated at a Record Level.

(May 10, 2017)

USDA estimates wheat production for 2017/18 at 97.0 million metric tons, up 11 percent from last year. The increase is due to favorable weather, boosting yields in the main wheat producing areas. Harvested area is estimated at 31.8 million hectares, up 5 percent from last year. The increase in area is attributed to strong domestic prices resulting from tight domestic supplies. Both Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, which account for approximately 50 percent of India’s total wheat production, expanded planted area by 6 and 14 percent, respectively, from last year.

Russia Wheat: Forecast 2017/18 Production Down 8 Percent, Second Highest on Record.

(May 10, 2017)

Russia wheat production for 2017/18 is forecast at 67.0 million metric tons, down 5.5 million from last year’s record output. Despite the year-to-year decrease, the forecast output would be the second-highest wheat harvest on record. Harvested area is estimated at 27.5 million hectares, up 0.5 million hectares from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.44 tons per hectare, 9 percent below last year’s record but 5 percent above the 5-year average. All USDA crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from Crimea.

Thailand Rice: Near-Average Production Forecast for 2017/18.

(May 10, 2017)

Thailand’s 2017/18 rice production is forecast at 19.5 million metric tons (milled basis), up 5 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 10.5 million hectares, up 4 percent from last year. Yield is estimated slightly above average at 2.82 tons per hectare.

EU Rapeseed: Favorable Conditions for 2017/18 Despite Some Dryness and Winterkill.

(May 10, 2017)

Rapeseed production in the European Union (EU) is forecast at 21.3 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.9 mmt or 4 percent from last year and down 0.3 mmt or 1 percent below the 5-year average. Harvested area is estimated at 6.6 million hectares (mha), up 0.1 mha or 1 percent above last year and similar to the 5-year average. Yield is forecast at 3.23 tons per hectare (t/ha), up 4 percent from the 2016/17 crop of 3.12 t/ha, but 2 percent below the 5-year average.

Canada Rapeseed: 2017/18 Area Expected to Increase to a Record Level.

(May 10, 2017)

Production is forecast at a record 21.0 million metric tons, up 14 percent from 2016/17. Yield is forecast to match the 10-year trend at 2.20 metric tons per hectare. Statistics Canada has released 2017 planting intentions. In recent years, planting intentions have been lower than the final planted area reported by Statistics Canada. USDA forecasts 2017/18 harvested area at a record 9.5 million hectares, up 16 percent from last year. The year-to-year increase reflects the increase in planting intentions. The increase is attributed to a more attractive return on rapeseed as compared to other field crops.

Malaysia Palm Oil: Record Production Forecast for 2017/18.

(May 10, 2017)

Malaysia’s 2017/18 palm oil production is estimated at a record 21.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.5 million or 8 percent from last year. Mature oil palm area is estimated at a record 5.2 million hectares, up 0.3 million or 6 percent from last year. Yield is estimated below-average at 4.04 tons per hectare, but 2 percent from last year. Palm oil yield and production are expected to recover this season as a more favorable rainfall pattern has prevailed in both East and West Malaysia.

India Cotton: 2017/18 Area Rebounds to a Record Level.

(May 10, 2017)

USDA forecasts India cotton production for 2017/18 at 28.0 million 480-pound bales, up nearly 6 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 11.5 million hectares, up 10 percent from last year. Following a two-year decline in production, farmers are expected to expand area because of higher domestic cotton prices compared to other crops such as rice and pulses. Farmers are also optimistic about government programs to control disease and pest infestation. These programs were effective in controlling white fly infestation last season in northern India and pink boll worm infestation in Gujarat. In addition, Indian meteorologists are forecasting a favorable 2017 monsoon season, which is encouraging expansion.

China Cotton: 2017/18 Production Projected to Increase from Last Year.

(May 10, 2017)

China 2017/18 cotton production is forecast at 23.5 million 480-pound bales (5.12 million metric tons), up 3 percent from last year, but still 17 percent below the 5-year average. Yield is estimated at a record 1,706 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha), slightly exceeding last year’s yield, and 11 percent above the 5-year average. National yield has been increasing since 2010/11 due to the expansion of area in Xinjiang province, a more productive cotton region. According to provincial statistics from the Ministry of Agriculture, average yields in recent years in Xinjiang have been around 1,800 kg/ha.

Australia Wheat: 2017/18 Production Drops by 29 Percent.

(May 10, 2017)

Wheat production for 2017/18 is forecast at 25.0 million tons, down 10.0 million or 29 percent from last year. The large year-to-year decline is based on expectations of yields returning to more average levels. In 2016/17 favorable weather across all major Australian grain belts provided near perfect conditions for plant establishment, reproduction, and grain fill, resulting in a record yield of 2.71 tons per hectare. Yield is forecast near the 30-year trend of 1.95 tons per hectare, 76 percent below last year. Area is forecast at 12.8 million hectares, 0.1 million below last year. Current conditions are favorable in South Australia and Victoria following abundant rainfall in most growing areas. Portions of Western Australia and New South Wales need additional rainfall.

Brazil Soybeans: Record Crop for 2016/17.

(May 10, 2017)

Brazil soybean production for 2016/17 is estimated at a record 111.6 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.6 mmt from last month’s estimate and up 15.1 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 34 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and up 0.7 mha from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 3.28 metric tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month and 13 percent from last year. The soybean harvest is approaching completion in most of the country and harvest reports indicate month-to-month increases in yields for the Center-West, South and North regions. The yield potential of this record soybean crop was achieved through a combination of improved seed varieties, better crop management practices, and very favorable weather. (For more information, please contact Maria.Anulacion@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Corn: 2016/17 Record Production Estimated Higher.

(May 10, 2017)

Brazil corn production for 2016/17 is estimated at a record 96.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 2.5 mmt from last month and up 43 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 17.5 million hectares (mha), compared to 17.3 mha last month and 16.0 mha last year. Estimated area is up 9 percent from last year with second-crop corn making up two-thirds of the total area. Yield is estimated at a record 5.49 metric tons per hectare, up 2 percent from last month and up 31 percent from last year.

China Corn: 2017/18 Production Projected to Decrease from Last Year.

(May 10, 2017)

USDA forecasts China’s 2017/18 corn production at 215.0 million metric tons, down 4.6 million or 2 percent from last year and down almost 1 percent from the 5-year average. Area is estimated at 35.0 million hectares, down 1.8 million or 5 percent from last year and only the second consecutive area decline since 2003. Farmers started reducing corn area in 2016 in response to government policy changes and lower market prices. Yield is forecast at a record 6.14 metric tons per hectare, up 3 percent from last year. Planting is typically in May. (For more information, please contact Dath.Mita@fas.usda.gov.)

Brazil Corn, Cotton, and Soybean Crops: Record Yields Boost Production Higher .

(Apr 11, 2017)

The summer crop season in Brazil has been characterized by favorable weather with welldistributed and adequate rainfall and sunlight. Record yields are estimated for soybeans, corn and cotton based on timely plantings and excellent growing conditions throughout most of the country

Mexico Corn: Record Production.

(Apr 11, 2017)

USDA estimates Mexico 2016/17 corn production at a record 27.0 million metric tons, up 4.0 percent from last month, and up 4.0 percent from last year. Area harvested is estimated at 7.5 million hectares, unchanged from last month but up 4.0 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.6 metric tons per hectare (mt/ha), unchanged from last year’s record.

South Africa Corn: Near-Record Crop Expected.

(Apr 11, 2017)

South Africa’s 2016/17 corn production is forecast at a record 15.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.4 mmt or 3 percent from last month and up 6.8 mmt or 83 percent from last year. Area is forecast at 3.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 0.9 million hectares from last year. The forecast yield is 4.84 metric tons per hectare, up 30 percent from last year and near the record yield of 4.85. The forecast yield is near record due to above-average seasonal rainfall, especially during January and February when the crop was in the critical pollination and grainfilling stages.

Indonesia Rice: Production Forecast Higher.

(Apr 11, 2017)

Indonesia’s 2016/17 rice production is estimated at 37.2 million metric tons (milled basis), up 0.6 million tons or 2 percent from last month, and up 3 percent from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 12.2 million hectares, up 1 percent from last month and last year. Yield is estimated aboveaverage at 4.78 tons per hectare. Timely and beneficial rainfall during the important wet season growing period (October to March) boosted rice production prospects throughout Indonesia. In addition, government programs targeting national self-sufficiency in rice production are finally showing positive results. The government is providing free hybrid rice seed sufficient to cover approximately 33 percent of total national rice area in 2016/17. It is also providing access to approximately 80,000 hectares of government-owned plantation land for farmers to expand cultivated area. Both programs are reportedly popular on Java, Sumatra, and Kalimantan, where the vast majority of rice is cultivated. Beneficial rainfall coupled with higher acreage and an expansion in area covered by high-yielding varieties is expected to boost national average yields. FAS/Jakarta also reports that irrigation supplies are more than adequate to sustain irrigated acreage this year. Irrigated rice area accounts for roughly 85 percent of total harvested area. (For more information, please contact Michael.Shean@fas.usda.gov.)

Indonesia Palm Oil: Production Forecast Lower.

(Apr 11, 2017)

Indonesia’s 2016/17 palm oil production is estimated at a record 34.0 million metric tons (mmt), down 1.0 million or 3 percent from last month but up 6 percent from last year. Mature oil palm area is also estimated at a record 9.2 million hectares, up 235,000 hectares or 3 percent from last year. Yields are estimated near-average at 3.70 tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last year. Palm oil yields and production are expected to recover this season as a more favorable rainfall pattern has predominated in major producing areas (Sumatra and Kalimantan) following last year’s El Niño. The beneficial moisture is enabling trees to recover from El Niño-related drought stress. Immature oil palm area is estimated at 1.7 million hectares, which should provide nearnormal annual growth for at least the next three to four years. The rate of new plantings, however, has reportedly begun to decline during the past few years, as new regulatory hurdles and drought affected planters’ ability to expand. (For more information, please contact Michael.Shean@fas.usda.gov.)

Australia Cotton: Production Estimate Revised Down.

(Apr 11, 2017)

The 2016/17 Australia cotton crop is forecast at 4.4 million bales, down 0.1 million from last month and but up 1.55 million or 54 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 580,000 hectares, up 30,000 from last month, and up 86 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,652 kilograms per hectare, 22 percent below the 5- year average. Yield is expected to decrease from last year because area sown to dryland cotton has increased.

Brazil Soybeans: Production Estimated at Record Level.

(Mar 09, 2017)

Brazil soybean production for 2016/17 is estimated at a record 108.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 4.0 mmt from last month and up 11.5 mmt from last year. Harvested area is estimated at a record 33.9 million hectares (mha), unchanged from last month and up from 33.3 mha last year. Ten percent or 0.5 mha more area was planted in the North and Northeast regions. Area also increased in the Center-West but was offset by declines in the South and Southwest. Yield is estimated at 3.19 metric tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last month and up 10 percent from last year. The crop has benefited from favorable weather with ample rainfall throughout the growing season, raising prospects for above-average yields.

Brazil Corn: Record Production Estimated Higher.

(Mar 09, 2017)

Brazil corn production for 2016/17 is estimated at 91.5 million metric tons (mmt), up 5.0 mmt from last month and up 24.5 mmt from last year. The higher production estimate is based on improved yields for the first crop and increased area for the second crop. Harvested area is estimated at 17.0 million hectares (mha), compared to 16.7 mha last month and 16.0 mha last year. Estimated area is up 7 percent from last year with the majority of the additional area planted to the second crop. The second crop comprises two-thirds of the total area. Yield is estimated at 5.38 metric tons per hectare, up 4 percent from last month and up 29 percent from last year. Last year’s below-average yield resulted from the reduced output of the droughtaffected second crop.

South Africa Corn: Bumper Harvest Expected.

(Mar 09, 2017)

South Africa’s 2016/17 corn production is forecast at 14.6 million metric tons (mmt), up 1.6 mmt or 12 percent from last month and up 6.4 mmt or 78 percent from last year. USDA’s forecast includes output from both the commercial sector, which accounts for about 95 percent of the country’s corn output, and the developing sector, whereas South Africa’s Crop Estimates Committee (CEC) only includes the commercial sector. Area is estimated at 3.1 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 0.9 million hectares from last year. The forecast yield is 4.71 tons per hectare, up 18 percent from the 5-year average.

Argentina Corn: Estimated Production Up Nearly 30 Percent from Last Year.

(Mar 09, 2017)

USDA forecasts Argentina corn production for 2016/17 at 37.5 million metric tons, up 3 percent from last month and up 29 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 4.6 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month and up 31 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 8.15 tons per hectare, up less than 1 percent from last month and down 2 percent from last year. Rains have maintained ample soil moisture reserves for the crop and plant health is generally good. Conditions are favorable for grain fill and most areas have had limited pest problems. (For more information, please contact Denise.McWilliams@fas.usda.gov).

Argentina Wheat: Higher Yields Increase Wheat Production.

(Mar 09, 2017)

USDA estimates Argentina wheat production for 2016/17 at 16.0 million metric tons, up 7 percent from last month and up 42 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 4.9 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 24 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.27 tons per hectare, up 7 percent from last month and up 14 percent from last year.

Australia Winter Crops: Record Crop Production for Wheat, Barley and Rapeseed.

(Mar 09, 2017)

For the season, precipitation was above average since sowing operations commenced in May. Soil moisture in virtually all winter cropping areas, including wheat, barley and rapeseed, was markedly improved from the relatively dry conditions, which prevailed during much of the previous year. Growing conditions were ideal in most regions with the exception of localized minor losses resulting from flooding in southeast Australia and frosts in Western Australia. Winter crops are sown in May and June. Harvest begins in November and is finished by the end of December.

Australia Cotton: Forecast Production Unchanged.

(Mar 09, 2017)

The 2016/17 Australia cotton crop is forecast at 4.5 million bales, unchanged from last month and up 1.65 million or 58 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 550,000 hectares, unchanged from last month, and up 76 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,781 kilograms per hectare, 16 percent below the 5-year average. Yield is expected to decrease from last year because of a forecast increase in the share of the area sown to dryland cotton.

Australia Sorghum: Heat and Dryness Reduce Production Prospects.

(Mar 09, 2017)

USDA forecasts Australia sorghum production for 2016/17 at 1.2 million tons, down 0.3 million or 20 percent from last month, and down 0.8 million or 41 percent from last year. Area is estimated at 0.44 million hectares, down 0.06 million from last month, and down 0.24 million or 35 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 2.73 tons per hectare, down 9 percent from last month and 9 percent below last year. The area planted to grain sorghum is forecast to decrease due to higher planted area for cotton.

China Sorghum: 2016/17 Production Revised Upward.

(Mar 09, 2017)

USDA estimates China’s 2016/17 sorghum production at 3.8 million metric tons (mmt), up 0.5 mmt or 15 percent from last month and up 38 percent from last year. The revision is due to an increase in harvested area, which is estimated at 760,000 hectares, up 186,000 or 32 percent from last year. This is the largest sorghum area increase in the last five years. Sorghum has benefited from recent changes in agricultural policies, in particular the removal of corn production subsidies, which resulted in lower corn prices and reduced farmers’ profits. The farmers’ response was in a significant reduction in corn area. The biggest reductions in area have occurred in the northeast, including Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, and Nei Mongol provinces, where farmers shifted corn acreage to alternative crops such as sorghum, soybean, potatoes, and rice.

Malaysia Palm Oil: Lingering Effects from El Niño Depress 2016/17 Output.

(Mar 09, 2017)

Malaysia’s 2016/17 palm oil production is estimated at 19.5 million metric tons, down 3 percent from last month but still up 10 percent from last year. Mature oil palm area is estimated at 4.9 million hectares, up 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 3.98 metric tons per hectare, up 8 percent from last year. El Niño-related drought stress during 2015 and 2016 has suppressed palm oil yields, with monthly production running well below normal for the past fifteen months. Palm oil plantation companies reported widespread pollination problems, including lower fresh fruit bunch size and weight, and lower than normal oil content. Roughly 50 percent of total mature acreage in Malaysia experienced 4 to 5 consecutive months of drought conditions in 2015 and 2016, during which rainfall was substantially below the minimum required for normal yields. (For more information, please contact Michael.Shean@fas.usda.gov.)