Ukraine: Winter Wheat Conditions Deteriorate in Central and West but Remain Good in t.

(Jun 21, 2017)

Unfavorable weather has reduced yield prospects for winter wheat in north-central and western Ukraine. Persistent dryness, coupled with below-normal temperatures during April and mid-May, hampered crop development and severely reduced crop vigor in western Ukraine, as indicated by satellite-derived vegetation indices (the normalized difference vegetation index, or NDVI). Although wheat yields in the drier areas will likely be substantially reduced, the lower production could be largely offset by the high potential yields in southern Ukraine where weather was conducive for winter-crop development. The NDVI map highlights the striking difference between conditions in southern Ukraine compared to conditions to the north and west. USDA estimates 2017/18 Ukraine wheat yield at 3.79 metric tons per hectare, down 9 percent from last year’s record but 5 percent above the 5-year average. Production is forecast at 25.0 million metric tons, down 1.8 million from last year

Madagascar Rice: Severe Drought Lowers Production.

(Jun 20, 2017)

Madagascar’s 2017/18 rough rice production is estimated at 3.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 0.2 mmt from last year and down 0.41 mmt or 11 percent from the 5-year average. The estimated output is below the 5-year average due to a severe drought in the central and northern regions of the country where nearly 80 percent of Madagascar’s rice is grown (Figures 1 and 2). Area is estimated at 2.2 million hectares (mha), down 0.2 mha from last year due to the drought. Seasonal rainfall during the first half of the rice growing season (November 2016 through February 2017) was the lowest in the past 36 years. The drought in the central and northern parts of the country reduced planting and significantly reduced yields. In addition, cropland was flooded in the north and northeast when Cyclone Enawo, the largest cyclone (Category 4) to strike Madagascar since 2004, hit landfall in early March 2017.

Northwest Africa: 2017/18 Crop Expectations Deteriorate Because of Unfavorable Spring.

(Jun 01, 2017)

Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia are net wheat-importing countries which experience large swings in production due to their semi-arid climate. The arable land in all three countries is concentrated near the coast and in the uplands, where precipitation is higher due to topography. This strip of arable land is quite narrow, reaching a maximum width of about 125 miles in central Morocco. In all three countries wheat is the preferred crop while barley is secondary and grown on more marginal land. Other field crops in Northwest Africa include fava beans, sugar beets, rapeseed, sunflowerseed, and chickpeas. Olives, which are an important traditional crop, are grown in groves in the drier regions. About one quarter of Morocco’s wheat is durum, 40 to 50 percent for Algeria, and about 80 percent for Tunisia.

India: Estimated Wheat Harvest Reaches Record Level.

(May 31, 2017)

With India’s 2017 wheat harvest complete, USDA estimates 2017/18 production at a record 97.0 million metric tons. According to specialists from the U.S. Office of Agricultural Affairs in New Delhi, who conducted field travel during the harvest campaign in India’s prime wheat region, wheat yields in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Punjab are higher than the previous two years. Wheat is grown during the rabi (winter) period; it is planted from late October through January and harvested in April. Over 90 percent of the crop is irrigated.